Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Microscope image of coronavirus.


Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19. Among the researches, it has been revealed that SARS-CoV's musk cats, and MERS-CoV's transmission to people from their single humped camels. There are many coronaviruses that have not been transmitted to humans yet, but are detected in animals. COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. 

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue, dry cough, and shortness of breath. Some patients may experience pain and pain, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin slowly. In more serious cases, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory infection, kidney failure and even death may occur. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without the need for special treatment. Approximately 1 in 6 people who take COVID-19 get seriously ill and have trouble breathing. Older people and those with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes are more likely to develop serious illness. People who have a fever, cough, and trouble breathing should seek medical attention.

How coronavirus is spread

It has a larger diameter than its COVID-19 counterparts. It usually settles on the surface, not in the air. Therefore, it is transmitted through contact. It is less likely to be transmitted through the respiratory tract. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick. People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. 

The virus lives on a metal surface for 12 hours, 9 hours on clothes and 20 minutes on hands. It does not like heat and lives much longer in cold regions. It dies rapidly at an average temperature of 25-30 °.

How to avoid catching or spreading coronavirus

1-) wash your hands with soap and water often – do this for at least 30 seconds. Use hand sanitiser gel if soap and water are not available . Wash your hands, especially after contacting a sick person.

2-) Stay away from people coughing in closed, cold, stuffy and crowded areas.

3-) Do not contact anyone, shake hands and use your own personal belongings.

4-) Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean.

5-) Add 4 tablespoons of table salt to 1 liter of water and mix. clean your nose and mouth with this water 3 times a day.

6-)  Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places  – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease. 


-Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once.


-No. There is no evidence that companion animals or pets such as cats and dogs are infected or can spread the virus that causes COVID-19. It is estimated that it can be transmitted from bat or snake.

Treatment for coronavirus

There is currently no specific treatment for coronavirus.

Antibiotics do not help, as they do not work against viruses.

Treatment aims to relieve the symptoms while your body fights the illness.

You'll need to stay in isolation, away from other people, until you have recovered.

Clinical condition of the patient, measures to be applied. Supportive care can also be quite effective for infected people.